GUJRANWALA, PAKISTAN — Working for the public was a gift from God for Zille Huma Usman, Punjab’s provincial minister for social welfare. But two weeks ago, Muhammed Sarwar violently disagreed, killing her before a crowd because, he said, God does not allow women to work. He later told police that he felt no remorse for his crime. Ms. Usman’s death, which shocked the country, comes at a moment of violent flux over the role of women in Pakistan. As the Pakistani government clamps down on Islamist extremists, the conflict over competing visions of Islam has enveloped the issue of women’s rights, turning it into a battleground issue between moderates and Islamist extremists.

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